Below we give some key definitions on social-ecological resilience, why it is important and how SECORES addresses this theme. We find a lot of inspiration in the Stockholm Resilience Centre. For useful links and internal or external documents, please click here.
Why is this important?
What is the link with the SDGs?
How does SECORES work on social-ecological resilience?
The conceptual framework in based on IPBES’ framework. It is a simplified representation of the highly complex interaction between the natural world and the human societies within the social-ecological system. This conceptual framework also forms the basis of the Theory of Change (TOC).
We follow the vision of the IPBES that the ethical and ecologically sustainable utilisation of nature are key components of the concept of human well-being. The way in which a society adopts this vision will be directly reflected in institutions, governance systems, economic systems, and other indirect drivers (link 1). This could be the existence of rights to land and water use, pollution control, regulations on use of ecosystems (hunting, extraction).
Indirect drivers affect the direct drivers of ecosystem change, for example, population size and lifestyle choices will influence the amount of land that is allocated to food crops, energy crops or cattle (link 2).
Direct drivers affect the ecosystem and thus their ability to deliver ecosystem goods and services which contribute to human well-being (link 3, 4 and 5).
Indirect drivers also modulate the link between nature and human well-being by regulating the access to and the use of ecosystem goods and services (link 6). Direct drivers also can impact human well-being directly, for example, pollutants or heat strokes not only impact ecosystems but can also impact human health (link 7).
Theory of Change
The next figure shows an overview of the TOC of SECORES, to be read from right to left.
- The ultimate change is the improved well-being of local communities within the planetary boundaries, thanks to improved resilience of social-ecological systems.
- The desired changes in the sphere of influence are
- improved community rights, policies, and governance of ecosystems and natural resources;
- improved awareness, knowledge, and skills about sustainable ecosystems;
- strengthened sustainable access to, management and use of ecosystem services
- ecosystems conserved or restored for optimal functioning.
- 10 types of actors have been identified; they can be allies to make changes happen but can also be targeted by these changes:
- (1) indigenous people and local communities; (2) individual consumers; (3) civil society
- (4) primary, secondary, technical, and vocational schools; (5) research institutes, universities and higher education
- (6) cooperation and development actors
- (7) local authorities; (8) national authorities; (9) multilateral and international organisations
- (10) private sector.
- 5 approches should be applied in the sphere of control: (a) outreach, awareness raising and empowerment; (b) lobby and advocacy; (c) research and knowledge management; (d) design and implementation of best practices; and (e) mutual capacity reinforcement.
- 4 principles of engagement support the whole process: (a) participation; (b) inclusion (leave no one behind); (c) focus on gender; and (d) a holistic approach.